The early years
Wilhelm Kage (1889-1960) was born and raised in the Swedish capital of Stockholm. He studied drawing at the University College of Arts, Crafts, and Design in Stockholm. He continued his studies in Munich, perfecting his skills as an illustrator. During the first world war, he gained notoriety in Sweden for his colorful posters for theaters, lotteries, and exhibitions.
Wilhelm’s poster art attracted the attention of the Gustavsberg porcelain factory. The factory was hoping to revive interest in its production and sought out artists with new ideas. Wilhelm accepted the offer, despite his lack of experience in clay, throwing, and glazing. His task was to add an artistic touch to the factory’s functional items. The factory’s gamble on Wilhelm would pay great dividends.
Within a year, Wilhelm Kage had created the functional service series, “Liljebla” (Lily Blue). The forms, with their flowing blue decor, were simple yet reminiscent of 18th-century Swedish ceramics. The tableware series was a success at the Liljevalchs Exhibition in 1917, which is noted as the birthplace of the modern Swedish art industry. It was the first time artists and industries came together to create beautiful yet practical home decor. After the exhibition, Wilhelm was appointed artistic leader for Gustavsberg.
The birth of Functionalism
During the 1920s and 1930s, Wilhelm Kage designed about thirty tableware sets. The series followed functionalistic ideas regarding rational production and multi-functional parts. Wilhelm’s most popular dinnerware series was “Gra rander” (Gray Stripes) from 1945. It was lauded as “soft-form dinnerware” and was a commercial success for over two decades.
In the 1920s, Wilhelm created the Argenta series which was popularized at the Stockholm Exhibition of 1930. The series consisted of crocks, bowls, and vases adorned with a characteristic green glaze. The objects have silver decor with dragons, flowers, and dancing women. Argenta was first manufactured in flint but later manufactured in stoneware.
Distinctive Farsta pieces
Wilhelm presented the Farsta set – his most exclusive ceramic work – at the Stockholm Exhibition of 1930. The breadth of the Farsta set is striking – ranging from miniature to large-scale. There are vases and urns, sculptures, ashtrays, and half-meter high pieces, all with a discernible presence and aura of quality. The pieces are marked with “Farsta.”
The Farsta set was made using a specialized ceramic technique. The fired pieces wera dipped in a bath with metal oxides which wear drawn into the clay. The pieces then were glazed and fired again. The oxides wear drawn out by the heat to lend the glaze a layered texture with magnificent color effects. The pieces are regarded as nobility in the world of Swedish pottery.
Cooperation with Stig Lindberg
During the late 1930s, Wilhelm was impressed with a young adept, Stig Lindberg. The young prodigy had quickly distinguished himself at Gustavsberg by displaying magnificent drawing technique and a wealth of fresh ideas. Wilhelm opened the door to a more prominent role in the factory, while offering Stig greater artistic freedom.
Wilhelm and Stig collaborated to develop diverse, extensive faience production through the late 1930s and early 1940s. The vases, dishes, and bowls were formed from reddish earthenware, coated with a milky-white glaze and handpainted with bold colors and elaborate decor. The floral motifs of the 1940s slowly gave way to era-typical geometrical decor in the 1950s and 1960s. The faience series was a huge success and is still one of the most well-known symbols of Swedish mid-century design.
The birth of the Gustavsberg studio
Wilhelm Kage initiated the Gustavsberg studio at Gustavberg in 1942, which would become the creative hub of the ceramic factory. The high-quality sets were marked with the Gustavsberg studio hand in different colors. Wilhelm mainly added the studio hand in brown.
The final years
In 1949, Wilhelm relinquished his role as artistic director to his colleague, Stig Lindberg. He continued his studio work at Gustavberg until his death in 1960. He is remembered as Gustavberg’s ceramic king, who for more than 40 years, guided the factory through the shifting tide of 20th century style trends and into modern times.
A selection of Wilhelm Kage’s artistry
Please visit our Wilhelm Kage shop if you are interested in making a purchase.